In SQLite, an Index is a pointer to specific columns in a table that enable super-fast retrieval.

Note: The database size can increase significantly, however if performance is more important, the tradeoff can be worth it.

Indexes are defined using the indexGroups() property of the @Table annotation. These operate similar to how UniqueGroup work:

  1. specify an @IndexGroup , giving it a number and name . The name is used in the database directly to create an index.

  2. Add the @Index annotation to a @Column and assign the indexGroups to the number you specified in the annotation.

  3. Build and an IndexProperty gets generated. This allows super-easy access to the index so you can enable/disable it with ease.

Note: Index are not explicitly enabled unless coupled with an IndexMigration. (read here).

You can define as many @IndexGroup you want within a @Table as long as one field references the group. Also individual @Column can belong to any number of groups:

@Table(database = TestDatabase::class,
       indexGroups = [
               IndexGroup(number = 1, name = "firstIndex"),
               IndexGroup(number = 2, name = "secondIndex"),
               IndexGroup(number = 3, name = "thirdIndex")
class IndexModel2 {

   @Index(indexGroups = {1, 2, 3})
   var id: Int = 0

   @Index(indexGroups = 1)
   var firstName: String = ""

   @Index(indexGroups = 2)
   var lastName: String = ""

   @Index(indexGroups = {1, 3})
   var createdDate: Date? = null

   @Index(indexGroups = {2, 3})
   var isPro: Boolean = false

By defining the index this way, we generate an IndexProperty, which makes it very easy to enable, disable, and use it within queries:


(select from IndexModel2::class
  indexedBy IndexModel2_Table.firstIndex
  where ...)

IndexModel2_Table.firstIndex.drop(database); // turn it off when no longer needed.

SQLite Index Wrapper

For flexibility, we also support the SQLite Index wrapper object, in which the IndexProperty uses underneath.

val index = indexOn<SomeTable>("MyIndex",, SomeTable_Table.othercolumn)


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